- Our Essence
- Klabin Memory
What is the memory center?
Founded over 100 years ago, Klabin has produced unique document archives. Over this time, encouraging the preservation of our history has become an important differential in the business context, since it allows us to visualize our vast experience on a line of time and space and to see the consequences of past decisions and the results of future actions.
This history is kept alive by the Klabin Memory Center, which, over its 30 years of existence, has salvaged documents with historical value.
Av. Augusta Zorzi Baradel, 700 Tijuco Preto
Visiting hours are 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday to Friday. Schedule your visit by sending an email to:
Origins of the Project
The history of the Klabin Group began in 1889 when Maurício
Freeman Klabin arrived in Brazil. An immigrant from Lithuania, the young
entrepreneur left his family behind in his homeland and landed
in Santos, São Paulo. He settled in the city of São Paulo, which was already emerging
as an important commercial and financial center in the country. Maurício Klabin
sold cigarettes to stores and inns, importing the paper and tobacco
required to manufacture them. He got a job in a print shop that he
later acquired: Empreza Graphica Klabin.
In 1890, Maurício F. Klabin founded his own company, M. F. Klabin e
Irmão, which operated as a printing company and an importer of
office supplies, in São Paulo. In 1889, together with his brothers Salomão and
Hessel, and cousin Miguel Lafer, he founded Klabin Irmão e Cia – KIC.
- 1889Maurício Freeman Klabin arrives in Brazil. Acquisition of
print shop - Empreza Graphica Klabin.
- 1890Creation of M.F. Klabin e Irmão. Printing company
and importer of office supplies - São Paulo.
- 1899Incorporation of Klabin Irmão e Cia – KIC: printing company
and importer of office supplies in São Paulo.
- 1902Production of paper after leasing the Fábrica de Papel
Paulista in Vila do Salto de Itú.
- 1909-1914Incorporation of Companhia Fabricadora de
Papel – CFP.
- 1924CFPwas one of the three largest plants in the
sector in Brazil.
The Great Boom
The Getúlio Vargas government (1932-1945) was marked by an economic policy
focused on promoting the development of heavy industry
to meet market demand.
The paper and corrugated board sector led the generalized growth of the
manufacturing industry. Problems caused by the difficulty
in importing newsprint paper and paper pulp, among others,
are mitigated by tax incentives for setting
up paper mills.
During this period, Klabin Irmãos & Cia. – KIC experienced its first major
development boom. The Group became one of the most
important in the country, embarking on a process of rapid expansion and
diversification of its activities.
- 1931Start of ceramics production - Manufatura Nacional
de Porcelanas S.A.
- 1934Purchase of Monte Alegre Farm in Paraná to
set up Indústria Klabin do Paraná, the first
integrated paper mill.
- 1941Incorporation of the Group’s first corporation –
Indústria Klabin de Papel e Celulose.
- 1946tartup of pulp and newsprint paper operations at
IKPC S.A. High professionalization: substantial
hiring of skilled European professionals.
- 1947Milestone in the history of paper production
in Brazil: part of the domestic market for
newsprint paper begins to be supplied by a domestic
producer with Klabin paper.
Opening up New Markets
The Plan of Targets of the Juscelino Kubitschek government (1955- 1960)
focused on expanding the public sector, with the construction
of highways, the Federal District in Brasília, among other priorities,
and on continuing the establishment of heavy industries.
The urbanization process and the pace of population growth
caused far-reaching changes in the consumer market. New
products and evolving requirements affected diverse production sectors,
stimulating the emergence of new activities. Klabin already
stood out among the country’s leading business groups and launches
new products in the market: corrugated board, synthetic fibers
and advertising matches.
- 1951Incorporation of Rilsan Brasileira S.A. as
an associated company of KIC in partnership with Nitroquímica
Brasileira e S.A. Indústria Votorantim, of the Ermírio
de Moraes Group, to manufacture synthetic fibers.
- 1952Startup of corrugated board production at the
Companhia Fabricadora de Papel.
- 1953Startup of production of advertising matches.
- 1955With the success of the corrugated board sector, the
Del Castilho Unit is set up in
Rio de Janeiro (RJ).
The paper sector predicted incentives for the construction of
newsprint mills since it was detected in the early 1960s that the critical point
facing the paper industry was the low production of newsprint paper,
which supplied only a third of the domestic market.
In that political scenario marked by incentives, Klabin concentrated
its investments on improving key production sectors by
building new and modern mills, and centralizing its activities in the
paper, corrugated board and ceramics industries.
- 1961-1969Incorporation of Papel e Celulose Catarinense Ltda –
PCC, a modern kraft paper and softwood pulp mill.
- 1961Establishment of the Vila Anastácio Unit.The
Vila Anastácio Unit was considered one of the largest
in Latin America at the time.
- 1963Paper Machine no. 6 inaugurated.
- 1967Acquisition of Piracicaba mill as part of the project to
produce pulp using sugarcane bagasse
- 1973Inauguration of Papelão Ondulado do Nordeste – PONSA,
in Goiana. Startup of industrial bags
production at Celucat in Lages, Santa Catarina.
- 1974Entry into the disposable paper market with the
acquisition of ONIBLA S.A.
- 1979Paper Machine no. 7 inaugurated.
New Administrative Directions
The country started showing how the 1980s would be: high inflation,
huge foreign debt, factors that combined with the global recession,
provoked a sharp drop in market prices.
Klabin remained stable, thanks to a flexible sales policy
that alternated between focusing on the foreign market and the domestic market.
Always maintaining the quality of its production, it was able to export
its products even with the global market in crisis and recession, indicating a high
level of competitiveness.
Despite the difficulties, Klabin expands and diversifies its production
in the pulp and paper industries, entering the multiwall sacks and
dissolving pulp markets.
- 1982Acquisition of Rio Grande - Companhia de
Celulose do Sul - Riocell, located in Guaíba, Rio Grande do Sul.
- 1983Creation of the holding company Indústrias Klabin de Papel e Celulose –
IKPC, which becomes the parent company of Klabin companies.
- 1984Start of Klabin’s Phytotherapy
Program – non-wood forestry products.
- 1987Klabin exits the ceramics business.
The start of the 1990s is characterized by an unstable,
highly inflationary economy with high interest rates, forcing companies to
adopt new measures to keep their sales stable, directing sales
either to the export or domestic markets according to demand.
The Brazilian economy resumed growth in 1993, after 3 years
of stagnation. Despite the recovery, which began in the last quarter
of 1992 with the definition of presidential succession, the pulp and
paper industry faced hurdles due to oversupply in the market,
increasing competition among manufacturers and
significantly affecting prices.
In 1994, the Real Plan comes into existence with the
creation of a new currency. The goal to stabilize the domestic currency
and end hyperinflation, increase the purchasing power and bring fresh
prospects to diverse sectors of the economy.
- 1990Klabin Fabricadora de Papel e Celulose S.A. - KFPC
acquires the Companhia de Papéis. Klabin becomes the largest
sanitary paper manufacturer in Brazil.
- 1996Klabin expands its business across Latin America in the
production of kraft paper, envelopes and bags with the
installation of a Celucat plant in the industrial district
of Pillar, Argentina.
- 1997Klabin and Kimberly-Clark joint venture in Argentina.
The new company was called KCK Tissue S.A.
(becoming Klabin Kimberly S.A. in 1999).
- 1998Klabin expands the Piracicaba mill, installing a new
paper machine with production capacity
of 100,000 tons/year of fluting paper and testliner
using scrap as raw material.
- 1999Piracicaba Unit inaugurates machine to recycle
Tetra Pak packaging.
- 2000Indústrias Klabin de Papel e Celulose S.A.
acquires Igaras Papéis e Embalagens S.A. through its
subsidiary Klabin Argentina S.A.
A New Millennium. New Challenges.
The economy enters the new millennium with prosperity and financial stability.
Major investments are once again directed to
the public sector, especially to infrastructure.
In Brazil, following the global economic policy trends, the Growth Acceleration
Program (PAC) is launched with investments
targeted at the economic development of various sectors
to stimulate GDP growth.
At the end of the 2000s, starting in 2010, the global economy is deeply shaken by the U.S.
subprime mortgage crisis in 2007 and 2008.
In Brazil, starting from 2010, already suffering from the derivatives crisis, we also witness
the scenario of political and economic
instability, with unpopular fiscal austerity measures. Accusations
of corruption in the government and industrial sectors drive the economy to stagnation,
with large companies accused of
fraudulent overpricing, creating cartels and paying
bribes to politicians.
- 2001Klabin S.A. is created
- 2003Klabin S.A. announces its exit from the production and sale of
newsprint paper, disposable paper and pulp.
Focus on packaging.
- 2008MA–1100 Expansion Project launched at the Monte Alegre Unit in Paraná.
The Unit becomes one of the world's
ten biggest paper mills and Klabin is one of the six largest global
producers of virgin fiber board.
- 2011Installation of new biomass boiler in the Otacílio Costa Unit,
Santa Catarina, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and
- 2012Investments of R$220 million announced on a new sackraft machine at
the Correia Pinto Unit, Santa Catarina,
with capacity of 80,000 tons/year.
- 2013Expansion of production capacity: of industrial bags, with the installation
of a new machine, and of corrugated boards,
with new corrugators and printers at the Goiana Unit in the
state of Pernambuco.
- 2016Inauguration of the Puma Unit in Paraná, with production capacity of
1.5 million tons of pulp, making Klabin the first
company in Brazil ready to simultaneously offer hardwood, softwood and fluff pulp.
Klabin acquires Embalplan, located in Rio Negro, Paraná, and the assets of
Hevi Embalagens located in Manaus, Amazonas.
- 2017Klabin inaugurates its Technology Center in Telêmaco Borba, Paraná.
The new center completes the integration of the research and
development fronts of the Company’s business teams, a strategy that was adopted to incorporate a
global, unified and highly complex vision.
- 2019Inauguration of the Nature Interpretation Center at the Serra
da Farofa complex in Santa Catarina. The center
is located in a priority conservation area at an altitude of 1,700
meters and is equipped with accommodation for up to 40 visitors.
- 2019Announcement of the Puma II Project, which involves the
construction of two packaging paper machines (kraftliner),
with integrated pulp production, in Ortigueira, Paraná.
- 2019Klabin wins bid for concession of a pulp terminal at the Port of Paranaguá in Paraná.
The company obtained access to an area spanning 27,530m2
for 25 years, with renewal allowed for another 45 years.
Frequent Asked Questions
For photos: Klabin Archive/Photographer’s name (if mentioned)
For documentary sources: Klabin Memory and Documentation Center